Province of Laguna
Income Classification: 1st Class
Congressional District: 4 Congressional Districts
No. of Cities and Municipalities: 6 Cities and 17 Municipalities
No. of Barangays: 674 Barangays
Land Area: 1,759.73 sq. km. (175,973 has)
Population (Census of Population and Housing, May 2010): 2,669,847
Registered Voters (COMELEC, January 2016): 1,675,366
Newly Elected Local Officials (2016 Election)
Laguna is part of the CALABARZON (Region IV-A), just thirty (30) kilometers south of Metro Manila. It is the third largest province in Region IV-A. The eastern portion of the province stands astride the southernmost portions of the Sierra Madre mountain range. It is surrounded by Laguna Lake, formerly called “La Laguna Encantada”, one of the only 18 living lakes in the world. Laguna Lake is the largest inland lake in the country. The Provincial Government of Laguna is located in the Municipality of Sta. Cruz.
Laguna is the first province south of Metro Manila providing business easy access to the biggest domestic market and to the most extensive transport mode to reach global clients. Connected by the expanded and modernized South Luzon Expressway (SLEX), the country’s premier financial hub in Makati City and the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) are both mere 20-minute drive from the major business and Industrial districts of the Province.
The Province of Laguna was named after the Laguna de Bay, the body of water that forms its northern boundary. Laguna de Bay, in return, was named after the town of Bay, the first provincial capital. Captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers and many Bisayan allies conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain in 1571. Seven years later, two Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization.
In 1577, the Franciscan missionaries arrived in Manila, and thereafter, in 1578 they started evangelizing Laguna, Rizal, Tayabas (now Quezon) and the Bicol Peninsula. Fathers Juan de Placencia and Diego de Orepesa were the earliest Franciscans sent to these places. From 1580, the towns of Bay, Caliraya, Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Liliw, Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil and Siniloan were founded.In 1678, fray Hernando Cabrera founded San Pablo de los Montes (now San Pablo City) and built a wooden church and convent considered as the best and finest in the province.
In 1670, delimitation of borders were made Lucban, Majayjay and Cavinti. The populous town at that time was Bay, the capital of the province until 1688, when the seat of the provincial government wasa moved to Pagsanjan, and later in 1858, to Santa Cruz. In 1754, the Province of Laguna and Tayabas were divided, with the Malinao River separating the towns of Majayjay and Lucban.
Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish misrule led by Generals Paciano Rizal of Calamba, Severino Taino of Pagsanjan, Agueda Kahabagan (woman general) of Calauan and Miguel Malvar of Batangas. The ill-equipped Filipino forces fought the well-armed enemy until on August 31, 1898, when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz. The province was cleared of Spaniards. There had been only one respite, the Pact of Biac-na-Bato on December 14-15, 1897.
Laguna actively supported the first Philippine republic proclaimed at Malolos on January 23, 1899. Her two delegates to the Malolos Congress, Don Higino Benitez and Don Graciano Cordero, were natives of Pagsanjan. Upon the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899-1901), General Juan Cailles and General Paciano Rizal led the defense of Laguna until June 30, 1901, when surrender became inevitable. Cailles became the first Filipino Governor of Laguna under the American flag.
The Province of Laguna progresses rapidly in peace. Roads were built, schools were established, and in 1917, the Manila Railroad Company extends its line to Laguna as far as Pagsanjan. During the Japanese occupation (1942-1945), Laguna was a center of resistance despite the presence of Makapili traitors.
Today, peopled by 2,473,530 (2007 actual population) industrious citizens and possessing a total area of 175,973 hectares of land, Laguna produces millions of pesos worth of coconuts, rice, sugar, citrus fruits, lanzones and other products. Tourists flock to its beauty spots, especially Pagsanjan Falls, Los Baños Hot Springs, Makiling National park, Sampaloc Lake and many others.
The Province of Laguna is located directly at the southern end of Rizal Province and is about thirty (30) kilometers south of Metro Manila. It is bounded in the east by the mighty Sierra Madre Range, Quezon Province in the south, and on the north western part are the Provinces of Batangas and Cavite.
Major Income Sources: Agricultural, Industry, Service
Tourist Destinations: Hot Springs of Calamba and Los Baños, Cold Springs of Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Liliw and San Pablo, Shooting the rapids and see the famous Pagsanjan Falls, Eco-tourism activities of Mt. Makiling in Los Baños, Lake Caliraya, Paete’s woodcarvings & Paper Mache Products, Lumban’s Barong Embroidery, Liliw’s Footwear & Delicacies, San Pedro de Alcantara Church in Pakil, the City of Seven Lakes in San Pablo, Enchanted Kingdom in Sta. Rosa City, Rizal Shrine in Calamba, Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery, St. Gregory the Great Parish Church in Majayjay, Pila Heritage Town, Laguna Sports Complex in Santa Cruz
Special Events/Festivals: San Pablo City Coco Festival (January 8-15), Kawayan Festival (January 16-17), Sikhayan Festival (Janiary 18), Feast of San Sebastian, The Martyr, (Paligong Poon) & Lupi (Janiary 19 and last Sunday of January), Salibanda (January 10, 17, & 24), Philippine High School for the Arts Festival (February 1-6), Puto Latik Festival (February 2 & 5), Sampaguita Festival (February 20-22), Anilag Festival presents Dayang Makiling (February 29-March 5), Flower & Garden Show (March), Bangkero Festival (March 10-19), Kesong Puti Festival (March 13-18), Pandan Festival (April 1-3), Marilag Festival (April 5-8), Ana Kalang Festival (April 15-19), Liliw Gat Tayaw Festival (April 27- May 1), Calauan Pinya Festival (May), Tsinelas Festival (May), Feast of San Antonio de Padua (June 13), Rizal Day (June 19), Syensaya Los Baños Science Festival (July), Chef Culinary Festival (July 24), Araw ng Pila (July 29), Santones Festival (August), Guiling-Guiling Festival (August 26 or Last Friday of August), Grand Turumba Festival (September 18 or 3rd Sunday of September), Ukit Taka Festival (September 19-25), Bañamos Festival (September), Burdang Lumban Festival (September), Coramblam Festival (October), Itik Festival (November), Bandana Festival (December)
Address: Provincial Capitol Compound, P. Guevarra St., Poblacion I, Santa Cruz, Laguna
Phone: (049) 501-6534; (049)501-1024
Fax: (049) 501-1024