Income Classification: 1st Class
Congressional District: 4th District
No. of Barangays: 95
Land Area: 39,510 has.
Population (NSO, May 1, 2010): 91,074
Registered Voters (COMELEC, March 2016):
Newly Elected Local Officials (2016 Election)
Lopez, which is considered as one of the first class and largest municipalities in the province having a total land area of 39,510 hectares or 395.10 square kilometers representing 4.53 % of the total land area. The Municipality has a rolling terrain with scattered plains and valleys. The slope ranges from 0º to over 40º. The poblacion area which is generally plain has a slope of 0-3º. It is composed of 95 barangays seven (7) of which are within the poblacion and eighty eight (88) are classified as rural. The urban barangays measure only 686.43 hectares which is less than 2% of the total land area, while the rural barangays constitute approximately 38,823.57 or around 98% of the total land area of the Municipality.
Mangroves cover coastal areas. Rivers, streams and springs abound throughout the Municipality; the most popular is the Talolong River. Agricultural lands are predominantly planted to coconut and other agricultural crops such as corn, vegetables, fruit trees are scattered on portions with slope ranging from 3º- 40º. Rice cops are grown on plain land of slope 0-3º. Likewise, pasture lands and forest lands are also found on portions with slope 20º and above.
There was a flourishing coastal settlement somewhere in the southern part of the Municipality of Gumaca called TALOLONG. The settlement’s name Talolong was derived from the name of sturdy trees abundant in the place called “Talolong”. The original location of the settlement was in the marshy mouth of a sedate river, which was founded by the descendants of DATU DUMANGSIL and BALINGSULA of the KALILAYAN KINGDOM. Due to the frequent plundering and terrorism of the pirates, the colony was transferred to the present town’s location.
The settlement of Lakan Bugtali who founded the community of Gumaca was gone. Even a trace of its remains cannot be identified neither the vantages of the Encomienda of Kalilayan nor a fraction of its 16th century glories. When it became a sitio through a Papal Bill, the village started to manage by her own. The Expendientes, an Spanish manuscript which can be found in the National Archives related to Don Miguel de San Agustin, the Provincial Governor of Tayabas had bestowed the name of Vista Talolong to the settlement on March 31, 1792, through the recommendation of Don Luis Innocentes, the Gobernadorcillo of the municipality of Gumaca.
But it was only in 1795 when Don Francisco de San Jose was proclaimed and appointed by the Gobernadorcillo of Gumaca through the recommendation of the parish priest as its first “Teniente Mayor”. His major task was to protect the village from terrorism and plundering of the pirates. It was the beginning of the migration of people from the municipality of Gumaca and Atimonan.
As peace restored, the place attracted several couples. Among them was Don Mateo Lopez of Tayabas, who open up “kaingins” and settlement. As time went by, more people flocked to the site and Don Mateo who was then acting as the leader of “ Cabesa” of this group of pioneers, realized the need of putting this newly founded settlement into a “Pueblo”. With the help of one Señora Hermana Vito, a close friend of Spanish officials, he made the long trip to Manila to seek the approval of the Spanish Governor-General who agreed to the proposal, and on April 30, 1856, Don Mateo Lopez emerged triumphant from the gates of Malacañang Palace with the certificates of approval.
Don Mateo Lopez was confronted with the choice of the site of his new government. He and his men had to decide between the green plains of Pansol for the town site or the plain along the rushing navigable Talolong River. Don Mateo decided on the latter, and such choice was a mark of the exceptional foresight of a born leader. Later, he was chosen “Capitan” or “Gobernadorcillo” by the board of electors and the governor-general immediately confirmed his election in Manila. In tribute and justification to the sacrifices and services of the founder, his associates changed the name of the place from Talolong to LOPEZ.
The Municipality of Lopez is located in the southern part of Quezon Province, 216 kilometers away from Manila, 83 kilometers away from the city of Lucena, 25 kilometers to Camarines Norte, 3 nautical miles to Alabat Island; and It is bounded on the northwest by the town of Gumaca, on the northeast by Calauag, Buenavista and Guinayangan; and on the north by the Alabat Island composed of three (3) municipalities across the Lamon Bay and on the south by Catanauan and General Luna.
Major Income Sources: Agriculture (Farm Produce), Commercial, General Merchandise and Services
Tourist Destinations: Educational Tourism (4 state universities: PNU-Lopez, PUP-Lopez, LSPU-Lopez & TUP-Lopez), Pulong Niyugan, Lalaguna Marshland, Dumagundong Falls
Special Events/Festivals: Lopez Foundation Anniversary, Patronal Fiesta
Address: Municipal Building, Brgy. Talolong, Lopez, Quezon
Phone: (042) 326-1246
Fax: (042) 717-5794