Income Classification: 4th Class
Congressional District: 7th District
No. of Barangays: 16
Land Area: 8,293.0456 has.
Population (NSO, 2010): 21,231
Registered Voters (COMELEC, May 2016): 13,648
Newly Elected Local Officials (2016 Election)
Magallanes is an agriculture municipality. Rice farming is common, however, it is evident that there has been a shift in emphasis from rice farming to coffee production because of the growing market demand for coffee. This is revealed in a study made by the Provincial Development Staff at Trece Martires City. Another reason is that the production of rice, corn and a wide variety of vegetables and fruits is more than sufficient to satisfy the nutritional demand of the population.
Magallanes has a potential labor force of 5,066 or 52.3 per cent of the total population. However, only 2,725 or 54 per cent of this number are economically active. The town has also a low unemployment rate of 3.7 per cent with only 100 of this labor force listed as unemployed. The existence of large and productive agricultural lands offers a wide variety of economic activities. The agricultural sector absorbs as much as 82 per cent of the labor force, while the service sector comprising teachers and government employees and workers account for only 15.6 per cent. A negligible 2.4 per cent are absorbed by the manufacturing, transportation and other commercial industries.
Electricity in the municipality is served by MERALCO, though some parts of the barrios still depend on oil, gas, and kerosene lamps. It is fortunate enough that thru DILG’s Bottom-Up Budgeting (BUB), most residents in these Sitios benefited LED light generated from solar panels distributed to them under Electrification project. Water is supplied by the Magallanes Water System although some areas get their water from artesian wells, open wells, and springs.
Population growth is relatively low in Magallanes due to outmigration. The lack of employment and educational opportunities has caused the skilled workers to settle elsewhere.
Magallanes began its history as a barrio called Panitan, then a part of the municipality of Maragondon. Panitan was derived from the Tagalog word "panit", meaning "to remove the bark of a tree". Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there grew along the mountainside of this barrio big trees called bitangcol which provide a source of income for the people. The barks of the trees are removed (panitan) and used as containers for storing palay or unhusked rice. The fibers of the barks were removed and twined into durable ropes. Because of this unusual occupation of the people the barrio came to be known as Panitan or Banitan.
The first inhabitants of Panitan were Isidro Baltao, Glicerio Manalo, Florentino Mojica, and Ignacio Arat. Time came when the people, tired of travelling the long distance to the poblacion of Maragondon, decided to seek the separation of the barrio and its conversion into an independent municipality. Isidro Baltao headed a three-man delegation to Manila to petition the Spanish Governor-General Domingo Moriones for the conversion of Panitan into a town.
While still in Manila, Baltao and his companions were walking along the paved streets of Intramuros when they came upon Magallanes street. There and then, they decided to recommend that the new municipality be named Magallanes in honor of Ferdinand Magellan. The governor-general was said to have been impressed by the name Magallanes, and he also named the barrios of the new town after Spanish leaders and missionaries like Urdaneta, Ramirez, Pacheco, and Medina. Other streets of the town were also named after prominent Spaniards like Jovellar, Salcedo, Anda, Colon, San Jose, and San Isidro. The principal street was named Real(Royal), in honor of the Spanish king. Another street bore the name of De Guia after the patron saint of the town, Nuestra Señore de Guia.
Barrio Panitan, renamed Magallanes, became an independent municipality on 15 July 1879. The first gobernadorcillo of Magallanes was Anastacio Diones. The designation gobernadorcillo was changed to capitan municipal shortly before the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution. Juan Bello, a former capitan municipal, was the leader of Filipino revolutionists again Spain. When the Americans came the title, capitan municipal was changed to municipal president.
In 1904, the town was reverted to a barrio of Maragondon when its annual income became insufficient to maintain its status as an independent municipality. It was only in 1916 that Magallanes once again became a town.
Magallanes, Cavite is one of the 18 municipalites of Cavite. Its upland community is located in the southwestern part of the province, farthest town of Cavite, approximately 95 kilometers south of Metro Manila and 38 kilometers southwest of the provincial capitol. It is bounded in the northeast by the Municipality of General Emilio Aguinaldo; on the southeast by the Municipality of Maragondon; and the Province of Batangas on the south.
Major Income Sources: Agriculture, Trading, Transportation, Agro-Industrial Business, Professional/Salary
Tourist Destinations: Buhay Forest, Utod Falls, 4X4 Trail, Pintong Gubat at Urdaneta, Jump-Off Point to Mt. Marami at Ramirez
Special Events/Festivals: Magallanes Foundation Day, Parochial Fiesta, Barangay Fiesta/s, Alay Lakad
Address: Municipal Hall, De Guia Street, Magallanes, Cavite
Phone: (046) 686-3002